The proposals on the renaissance of the "Arab" reality will start from the "small" Arab reality, if at the inside, from which it expands constantly and expands the field of vision. The field of observations with the naked eye and field of experience is this field, ie the field of Arab society within and intersections with Arab societies as it appears from this angle. However, the Arab society in general is the concern that leads to the text and open questions around it. It is not lost to the mind of the researcher and not the reader along theses and presentation. Therefore, the immediate momentary start to take the meditative to the issues of society and modernity in general, in theory, including issues of science, ethics, individual and others ... This is because the issues that we choose to start in kind and tangible but not unique or exceptional in full, Arab communities live similar situations And convergent issues. The writer's reflections are theoretical, but they seek intersections between the concerns and dilemmas of theory and the Arab concern in practice.
Azmi Bishara, in his dissertations, focuses on the social reality of the Renaissance, Enlightenment, rationality, modernization and democracy. He also begins to address the issue of the renaissance that is hindered by the small Arab reality and then expands on issues of Arab society and issues of society and modernity in general. It aims above all to open the horizon and chart the path leading to the Renaissance.
According to the author, the obstacles to the start of this renaissance are historically emerging and their critical presentation is a contribution to their challenge and confrontation. The author refuses to look at history as a coherent unit with a beginning and an academic narrative, dividing it into a golden era and a period of degeneration, because this leads to a national view of a non-nationalist history. The democratic expression of the nation is the closest expression of its will, As a citizen of the nation and not as a member of the clan or tribe or sect is the best expression of it, and to protect the national idea and prevent it from addressing all the shortcomings of the Arab society calls the author to democratize this idea, as easy to hide the underdevelopment of nationalism as an authenticity must be preserved against the science of acculturation and import ideas